Medaille University <br>Information & Data Security Program
The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLBA), which was signed into law on November 12, 1999, created a requirement that financial institutions must have certain information privacy protections and safeguards in place. The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has enforcement authority for the requirements and has determined that higher education institutions are financial institutions under GLBA. Each institution, including Medaille University, has agreed to comply with GLBA. In addition, as a condition of accessing the department’s systems, each institution and servicer must sign the Student Aid Internet Gateway (SAIG) Enrollment Agreement, which states that the institution must ensure that all federal student aid applicant information is protected from access by or disclosure to unauthorized personnel. Because higher education institutions participate in financial activities such as making Federal Perkins Loans, FTC regulations consider them financial institutions for purposes of compliance with GLBA. Due to the efforts of NACUBO and other higher education associations, under regulations promulgated in May 2000, colleges and universities are deemed to be in compliance with the privacy provision of GLBA if they are in compliance with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). However, colleges and universities must ensure compliance with GLBA’s Safeguards Rule, which requires universities to develop a written information security plan that describes their program to protect customer (student) information.
Enforcement of Cybersecurity Requirements under the GLBA
The U.S. Department of Education continues to take steps to ensure the confidentiality, security, and integrity of student and parent information related to the federal student aid programs (Cybersecurity Enforcement). Protecting that information is a shared obligation among the departments, institutions, third-party servicers, and other partners in the financial aid system. The U.S. Department of Education expects universities to maintain strong security policies and effective internal controls to prevent unauthorized access or disclosure of sensitive information. Institutions and third-party servicers are also required to demonstrate administrative capability in accordance with 34 C.F.R. § 668.16, including the maintenance of adequate checks and balances in their systems of internal control. An institution or servicer that does not maintain adequate internal controls over the security of student information may not be considered administratively capable.
Medaille University ensures compliance with data privacy regulatory requirements. Its written information security program is based on guidelines provided by the Federal Student Aid (FSA) Cybersecurity Compliance an Office of the U.S. Department of Education. It also uses technical guidelines from the Privacy Technical Assistance Center (PTAC) from the U.S. Department of Education and from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) for research-related activities. In Dear Colleague Letter GEN-15-18 and GEN-16-12, the U.S. Department of Education reminded institutions about the longstanding requirements of GLBA and notified universities of their intention to begin enforcing legal requirements of GLBA through annual compliance audits. Auditors evaluate/verify three information safeguard requirements of GLBA in audits of postsecondary institutions or third-party servicers under the regulations in 16 C.F.R. Part 314:
1. The institution must designate an individual to coordinate its information security program.
2. The institution must perform a risk assessment that addresses three required areas described in 16 C.F.R. 314.4(b):
a. Employee training and management;
b. Information systems, including network and software design, as well as information processing, storage, transmission and disposal; and
c. Detecting, preventing and responding to attacks, intrusions, or other systems failures.
3. The institution must document a safeguard for each risk identified in Step 2 above.
At Medaille University, the Chief Information Officer (CIO), and the rest of the Medaille University IT Department are responsible for coordinating the information security program, conducting risk assessments, and appropriate document safeguards. The following sections include some general standards and guidelines to safeguard customer information.
General Standards for Safeguarding Customer Information
Medaille University must meet a general standard in order to comply with the “to develop, implement, and maintain a comprehensive written information security program that contains administrative, technical and physical safeguards” for non-public customer information. A customer is a type of consumer, namely, an individual who has an ongoing relationship with you under which you provide a financial product or service. Therefore, our main customers are the students of Medaille University.
Safeguarding objectives are:
- To ensure the security and confidentiality of customer information
- To protect against any anticipated threats to the security or integrity of such information
- To guard against the unauthorized access to or use of such information that could result in substantial harm or inconvenience to any customer.
The required elements of the security program are:
- Designate an employee(s) to coordinate the information security program so The information security program means the administrative, technical, or physical safeguards you use to access, collect, distribute, process, protect, store, use, transmit, dispose of, or otherwise handle customer information.
- Our Information Steering Group Charter is at the end of this document for reference.
Identify reasonable, foreseeable internal and external risks to the security, confidentiality, and integrity of customer information that could result in the unauthorized disclosure, misuse, alteration, destruction, or other compromises of such information, and assess the sufficiency of any safeguards in place to control these risks.
- At a minimum, such a risk assessment should include consideration of risks in each of the following operational areas:
- Employee training and management
- Information systems, including network and software design, as well as information processing, storage, transmission, and disposal, and
- Detecting, preventing, and responding to attacks, intrusions, or other systems failures
- Oversee service providers by taking steps to select and retain providers that are capable of maintaining appropriate safeguards for customer information
- Contractually require service providers to implement and maintain such safeguards; and
- Periodically evaluate and adjust the information security program based on the results of testing and monitoring
In order to comply with these requirements, the following guidelines provide the framework for the design and implementation of an information security program.
Medaille University Financial Information Privacy and Safeguarding Guidelines
Adequately securing customer information is not only the law; it makes good business sense. Above all, it is our ethical responsibility to you, our customer as your fiduciary agent, for this information to ensure its safeguarding while in our possession. When we show you, our customer, that we care about the security of your personal information, we increase your level of confidence in our institution. Poorly managed customer data can lead to identity theft. Identity theft occurs when someone steals a consumer’s personal identifying information to open new charge accounts, order merchandise, or borrow money.
Information Collected and Stored
As an educational institution, Medaille University collects, retains, and uses non-public financial information about individual customers, as allowed by law, to provide services. Non-public financial information is collected from sources such as:
- Applications and/or other forms;
- Financial transactions (Checks, credit cards, and ACH)
- Information about your transactions with us, our affiliates, or others;
- Information we receive from consumer reporting agencies; and
- Information from governmental agencies.
Medaille University may disclose non-public financial information about you with our business affiliates and other affiliated third parties under certain circumstances to provide services. Any non-public financial information sharing is conducted in strict adherence to applicable law. Medaille University will not disclose any non-public personal information about you to anyone except as permitted under law.
Who Receives Information and Why
Medaille University does not disclose any non-public financial information about our students/customers, or former students/customers, to anyone, except as permitted by law. However, we may exchange such information with our affiliates and certain nonaffiliated third parties (under limited circumstances) to the extent permissible under law to service accounts, report to credit bureaus, provide loan services, or provide other financial services-related activities.
How Your Information Is Protected
Medaille University understands that the protection of your non-public financial information is of the utmost importance. Providing for administrative, technical, and physical safeguarding of your privacy is our obligation. We restrict employee access to customer information only to those who have a legitimate business reason to know such information, and we educate our employees about the importance of confidentiality and customer privacy.
Determining Reasonable Internal and External Threats
Determine reasonably foreseeable internal and external threats that could result in unauthorized disclosure, misuse, alteration, or destruction of customer information or information systems. Assess the likelihood and potential damage of these threats, taking into consideration the sensitivity of customer information, and evaluate the sufficiency of existing policies, procedures, customer information systems, and other safeguards in place to control risks.
|Internal Threat||Risk Level||Response|
|Intentional or inadvertent misuse of customer information by current employees||Low||
|Intentional or inadvertent misuse of customer information by former employees subsequent to their employment||Low||
|Inadvertent disclosure of customer information to the general public or guests in the office||Low||
|External Threats||Risk Level||Response|
|Inappropriate access to, or acquisition of, customer information by third parties||Low||
|Inappropriate use of customer information by third parties||Medium||
As a part of this commitment, we provide the following Privacy and Safeguarding guidelines:
Guideline 1 – Accountability
Medaille University is responsible for maintaining and protecting the customer’s financial information under its control. In fulfilling this mandate, each functional area of Medaille University is required to educate its employees and comply with these guidelines. For each functional area dealing with non-public information, specific Medaille University employees in each functional area must be identified as the Financial Information Privacy Custodian. This custodian is responsible for ensuring the following policies and procedures are fulfilled for their area:
Information Technology (IT) will perform and maintain an inventory of all information that requires protection. Custodians will contact IT as new systems or data is being stored or if any relevant changes occur to information collection, storage, or disposal.
Guideline 2 – Purpose
The purposes for which student/customer financial information is collected shall be identified before or at the time the information is collected. If any financial information is maintained in an Medaille University area, a written statement must be held in the department, stating the purpose of the information, how it is being used, the length of time it will be held, and how the information will be destroyed. Example: If the department maintains files with copies of checks or credit card information, the department must have a departmental policy on hand which states why copies are maintained, how long they are to be held, and how they will be destroyed when no longer needed. The Office of Business and Finance and IT will work with the Custodians to help identify and state the purpose of the information collected.
Guideline 3 – Collection
The student/customer information collected must be limited to those details necessary for the purposes identified by Medaille University. Information must be collected by fair and lawful means. Medaille University departments may only collect the information, which is needed to perform the task at hand. Example: A department may not collect a driver’s license number without a policy on hand that addresses the specific purpose and use of this information.
Guideline 4 – Use, Disclosure, and Retention
Student/customer information may only be used or disclosed for the purpose of which it was collected unless the student/customer has otherwise consented or when required or permitted by law. Student/customer information may only be retained for the period of time required to fulfill the purpose for which it was collected and will be disposed of in a secure manner when the purpose has been fulfilled. If the information is to be used for another purpose, consent must be obtained from the customer prior to use. When obtaining consent, either initially or for a revised purpose, the length of retention must be stated, and how the information will be disposed must be disclosed to the customer. Example: If a department, on a given application, maintains a driver’s license number, but the department now wishes to use this information to process another application, the customer must give new consent. In the new consent, the length of time this information will be held and how the information will be destroyed must be stated. Medaille University will manage private non-public information in accordance with all applicable state and federal laws relating to the use, disclosure, and retention of private non-public information.
Guideline 5 – Safeguarding
Customer information must be protected by security safeguards that are appropriate to the sensitivity level of the information obtained. Each functional area must review the information being retained and establish appropriate physical safeguards for the data. Physical paper data such as copies of checks must be kept in locking rooms and file cabinets. Computer stored data can be protected with password/passphrase-activated screensavers by utilizing strong passwords/passphrases of at least 10 characters, by changing passwords/passphrases periodically and not posting passwords/passphrases near employees’ computers, by encrypting sensitive customer information when it is transmitted electronically over networks, by referring calls or other requests for customer information to a designated individual who has been trained, and recognizing any fraudulent attempt to obtain customer information and reporting it for evaluation. Data custodians, in conjunction with IT will provide the training and oversight necessary to ensure the appropriate safeguarding of customer information.
Guideline 6 – Openness
Medaille University is required to make information available to customers concerning the policies and practices that apply to the management of their information. Each functional area is responsible for maintaining a policy and practice document which details the financial information obtained by the department, and their adherence to these guidelines.
7 – Access
Upon request, a student/customer shall be informed of the existence, use, and disclosure of their information and shall be given access to it. Students/customers may verify the accuracy and completeness of their information and may request that it be amended, if appropriate. Each department/unit is responsible for obtaining and presenting information when requested by a customer.
Guideline 8 – Handling Customer Complaints and Suggestions
Students/customers may direct any questions or concerns with respect to the privacy principles outlined above or about our practices by contacting the designated person(s) accountable for privacy in each Medaille University department. Each department/unit is responsible for dealing with customer complaints and suggestions.
Guideline 9 – Information System
Information systems include network and software design and information processing, storage, transmission, retrieval, and disposal. Security must be maintained throughout the life cycle of customer information.
- Storage of information
- Secure data transmission
- Disposal of customer information
- Erase all data when disposing of computers, or destroy hard drives containing very sensitive information
- Responding to system failure
Medaille University maintains centralized control of public and non-public data through various applications. These applications maintain their own internal security measures which are administered by the assigned data custodian for these applications. Furthermore, for Banner access to data, a second, independent password/passphrase is required to gain initial access to the applications. Hence, a two-tier access control is maintained for normal operation in our Student Information System. Physical access to the centralized computers is controlled by limited proximity card access to the data center. Access to our datacenters is restricted to those who have a demonstrated need. All-access is granted by the CIO. IT maintains secure storage of institutional data for disaster recovery purposes in a redundant data center. This facility is located in a separate, secure location. Where possible, data transmission is encrypted. For example, web-based services that have non-public, authenticated data are usually encrypted using SSL. It is our desire that all of our data be encrypted during transmission. We also have a goal that all institutional data that leaves our network be encrypted using encryption methods like P.G.P or SFTP. We anticipate that in the near future, we will require such transactions to help safeguard our data from third-party intervention. Medaille University maintains a policy for deleting all data on computers that are sold or disposed of. Medaille University maintains an IT security team to respond to problems arising from intrusions or other security violations. IT has an assigned person to be the primary contact for such occurrences.
Guideline 10 – Monitoring and Testing of Security
The information security program will need periodic evaluation and adjustment based on the result of the testing and monitoring any material changes to operation, or any other circumstances that are known to have or that may have a material impact on the information security program. Audit Services will provide assurance for the program through performance of audits on its annual audit plan.
Guiding Regulatory Technical Resources:
Guiding Regulatory Technical Resources: - The Gramm-Leach-Bliley (GLB) Act – Safeguards Rule - Privacy Technical Assistance Center from U.S. Department of Education - Federal Student Aid (FSA) Cybersecurity Compliance - National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) - Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA).
- The Gramm-Leach-Bliley (GLB) Act - Safeguards Rule
- Privacy Technical Assistance Center from U.S. Department of Education
- Federal Student Aid (FSA) Cybersecurity Compliance
- Natural Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST)
- Family Educational Rights & Privacy Act (FERPA)
Information Security Steering Committee
The purpose of the Medaille Information Security Steering Committee (MISSC) is to act on the behalf of, and assist, members of the Medaille community in fulfilling its oversight responsibilities with respect to Medaille’s information security programs and risks, including:
- Overseeing and reviewing the University’s internal controls to protect the organization’s information assets.
- Governing the practices, procedures, and controls the University uses to identify, assess, and manage key information security programs and risks.
- Ensuring the effectiveness of the University’s risk governance structure, policies, and risk tolerances in enabling the achievement of business objectives.
- Cybersecurity instructing, educating, and training of our user base.
- Coordinating the organization and goals of sub-committees that will meet to address specific security topics.
The Committee fulfills these responsibilities by carrying out the activities enumerated under the heading Roles and Responsibilities. In carrying out its responsibilities, the Committee has the authority to (i) wholly investigate any matter brought to its attention that may impact Medaille’s ability to ensure adequately the protection of the University’s information assets, and (ii) to involve current members of the Committee, the President’s Cabinet, other steering committees, government agencies, and law enforcement, as determined appropriate by the circumstances.
Organization and Membership:
The Committee shall appoint Committee members, fill vacancies occurring on the Committee, and designate the Chair of the Committee.
The Committee will consist of [X] members from the Medaille University IT Department, with broad representation from organizational personnel with backgrounds representing the organizational interests and with the capacity to address decision-making matters within the scope of the Committee’s authorities. Additionally, the Committee may invite to its meetings any relevant parties it deems appropriate to sufficiently carry out its responsibilities. The Committee may form and delegate authority to subcommittees when appropriate and met with consensus from Committee membership.
In its current form, Committee membership shall be comprised of the following individual members:
|CIO *||Bob Chyka|
|Sr. Developer/Programme||Chris McDermott|
|Sr. Network Engineer||Peter Fay|
|Director of Web & Creative||Hannah Taylor|
|Computer Support Specialist||Evan Denis|
|Instructional Tech. Specialist/Blackboard Admin.||Raymond Drechsel|
|Assistant Director and Academic Services Coordinator - Rochester||Ann Horn-Jeddy|
|Director of Online Learning||Mary Beth Scumaci|
|Sr. Director of Institutional Advancement||Eric Stewart|
|Full Time Faculty||Kristy Tyson|
|Full Time Faculty||Caitlin Riegel|
*Designates Current Chair of the Committee
Responsibilities and Duties:
The Committee shall be responsible for the following:
- Provide oversight and ensure alignment between information security strategy and organizational objectives.
- Assess the adequacy of resources and funding to sustain and advance successful security programs and practices for identifying, assessing, and mitigating cybersecurity risks across all university functions.
- Review controls to prevent, detect, and respond to cyberattacks or information or data breaches involving electronic information, intellectual property, data, or connected devices.
- Review the organization’s cyber insurance policies to ensure appropriate coverage.
- Provide recommendations, based on security best practices, for capital technology investments.
- Review organizational policies pertaining to information security and cyber threats, taking into account the potential for external threats, internal threats, and threats arising from transactions with trusted third parties and vendors.
- Review of privacy and information security policies and standards and review the ramifications of updates to policies and standards.
- Establish standards and procedures for escalating significant security incidents to the MISSC, President’s Cabinet, other steering committees, government agencies, and law enforcement, as appropriate.
- Review and approve the organization’s information risk governance structure and key risk management processes and capabilities.
- Assess Medaille’s high-risk information assets and coordinate planning to address information privacy and security needs.
- Provide input to leadership regarding the organization’s information risk appetite and tolerance.
- Review Medaille’s cyber response preparedness, incident response plans, and disaster recovery capabilities as applicable to Medaille’s information security strategy.
- Promote an open discussion regarding information risk and integrate information risk management into the University’s objectives.
- Receive periodic reports on the metrics used to measure, monitor, and manage cyber and IT risks posed to the University and to review periodic reports on selected risk topics as the Committee deems appropriate.
- Review reports provided by the IT department regarding the status of and plans for the security of data stored on internal resources and with third-party providers.
- Monitor and evaluate the quality and effectiveness of Medaille’s cybersecurity, capabilities for disaster recovery, data protection, cyber threat detection, cyber incident response, and management of technology-related compliance risks.
- Review third party vendor’s policies that store Medaille data
Committee Procedures and Agendas:
- The Medaille Information Security Steering Committee meetings will be held on the last Thursday of every month.
- The CIO will serve as the chair of the Medaille Information Security Steering Committee.
- Documentation for the meeting will be submitted the week prior to the meeting, by Tuesday at 5 p.m., to the CIO and will be stored in Microsoft Teams.
- The agenda and documentation will be sent out by the CIO one week prior to the meeting, by Thursday at 5 p.m.
- Participants will be expected to have read and reviewed all documentation prior to the meeting and should be prepared with questions to be asked during the meeting.
- Decisions within the meeting will be made by consensus/vote of the Committee members.
- Notes will be captured during the meeting and will be stored in Microsoft Teams.
- Attendance will be taken at the meeting and, if the participant is unable to attend, absent participants will be expected to read the meeting minutes and are bound by decisions made in the meeting, notwithstanding extenuating circumstances.
- The Committee may establish task forces and/or subcommittees to focus on a particular business process, technology, or emerging issues as deemed necessary.